Which Injury is Which?

So say you’re doing your normal workout and something terrible happens, you get injured. You’re in pain and you’re panicking, you don’t know what you did to your body, but you know it’s something that shouldn’t have happened. Now the real trick is identifying what exactly the pain in is and how to fix it. Well I’ve conducted a list of the most common injuries in sports and what to do if it happens.

1. Concussion

Concussions are injuries to the head and brain that happen when there is a significant hit. Not all concussions are as bad as you think they are, but are always to be taken seriously. While not all concussions result in a loss consciousness, they do for the most part involve puking, difficulty concentrating on things, loss of balance, dizziness, amnesia, disorientation, headaches and other symptoms. Athletes who play in sports like football, wrestling, hockey, boxing, and soccer most commonly get concussions unfortunately.

Because the brain is so sensitive, when it’s injured there really is no way of telling just how long it’s going to take to fully heal. But for the most part concussions have a range of healing time, it’s not exact. But it usually takes about two weeks to a month for a concussion to heal, which is mostly accomplished by resting your head! The headaches that come with the concussions can be masked with IB profin or something of that sort. Now sometimes they don’t get masked completely but it should dull the pain down enough to be tolerable. If you’re someone who plays rough sports, even after you have had a concussion they are at risk for permanent brain damage. Returning to a contact sport too quickly can result in second-impact syndrome, which is a fatal and sometimes deadly condition caused by receiving another concussion before the first one heals. So please REST!!

2. Groin Pull

The inner thigh muscle is known as the groin. Sports that require moving in a side-to-side motion like hockey, football, soccer, and baseball, have high instances of groin pulls. This injury can cause bruising on the inside of the thigh if it is sever enough. A pull can take one to two weeks to heal with compression, ice ,and lots of rest. Typically there isn’t any swelling but if there is any swelling, make sure to get checked out by a doctor as soon as you possibly can! Make sure to take it easy for a long time, otherwise you may cause other problems to happen. For the most part groin pulls can be prevented with proper stretching and warming up before every exercise that you do!

3. ACL Tear

The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament), connects/pads the end of your leg bone to your knee. Unfortunately, it is rather easy to cause an injury to your ACL, the simple act of stopping suddenly, changing directions quickly or awkwardly, or a hard impact or landing on the side of your knee can cause a strain or tear of the ACL. When a person injurers their ACL it usually requires surgery because it actually tears either partially or completely.

When an athlete tears their ACL it usually cuts his/her career short if not end it completely. If you think you or someone you know might have an ACL injury, see the doctor immediately! Resting it at home is out of the question, go to the doctor.

4. Shin Splints

Shin Splints usually will feel like a shooting pain traveling down the front of your legs. For the most part runners are the ones that suffer form shin splints the most. Every once in awhile shin splints may be a result of a stress fracture on the bone. When resting doesn’t subside the pain see your doctor to make sure that you do not have a stress fracture.  Most of the time a person will experience minor shin splints, this can simply be improved with ice and rest. To prevent shin splints try wearing proper shoes, stretch as much as possible, and knowing your own limitations.

5. Tennis or Golf Elbow

Tennis elbow is caused by constant use of the elbow. When you use your elbow constantly it creates tiny little tears in your elbow’s ligaments causing pain. When you experience this pain it will usually feel like it’s either on the inside or the outside of the elbow. You normally wont experience this until you’re probably in your mid 30’s.

To help heal this condition you should rest, ice, and try taking some anti-inflammatory medicine. In more serious situations, contact a doctor. The best way to prevent tennis elbow is to do forearm strengthening exercises on a regular basis.

 

Try to take all the proper precautions when it comes to working out. Injuries are extremely painful and sometimes even deadly! So that being said make sure to have a good warm up and stretches before you even start your workout. Keep living that healthy lifestyle!

 

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